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Frequently Accessed Legislation

Find below relevant links to frequently accessed legislation.

Drafted around the same time as Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Indian Constitution came into force in 1950. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, 400+ articles. As India is a quasi-federal state the constitution includes the features of both parliamentary and federal form of government.

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to Criminal Procedure. The Code of Criminal Procedure (Cr. P. C.) is the main legislation on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India. It was enacted in 1973 and came into force on 1 April 1974.

As it is evident from its name, it mainly lays down the procedure to be adopted

in civil courts, and its principles may be applicable in other courts, like writ courts, and

Tribunals to the extent the enactments establishing the Tribunals provide for it. It

provides for a fair procedure for redressal of disputes.

It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.After the partition of the British Indian Empire, the Indian Penal Code was inherited by its successor states, the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan, where it continues independently as the Pakistan Penal Code. The Ranbir Penal Code (R.P.C) applicable in Jammu and Kashmir is also based on this Code.The Code was also adopted by the British colonial authorities in Colonial Burma, Ceylon (modern Sri Lanka), the Straits Settlements (now part of Malaysia), Singapore and Brunei, and remains the basis of the criminal codes in those countries.

The Indian Evidence Act, originally passed in India by the Imperial Legislative Council in 1872, prior to Indian Independence contains a set of rules and allied issues governing admissibility of evidence in the Indian courts of law. Over a period of more than 147 years since its enactment, the Indian Evidence Act has basically retained its original form except certain amendments from time to time.

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